Many areas of the Antarctic continental shelf support rich communities of benthic suspension feeders, of which Bryozoa are frequently an important component. These communities inhabit an environment characterised by a low temperature with only a slight seasonal variation, long periods of winter ice cover, and strong seasonal variations in chlorophyll standing stock, light and water movement. The feeding activity of four species of cheilostome bryozoans, from differing depths, sites and substrata, were monitored in situ at Signy Island, Antarctica. Feeding activity was recorded photographically, monitoring the same colonies over 2 yr. The patterns of feeding activity differed between the four species, in duration, timing and the degree of between colony variation. All four species, however, spent most (and in the case of the massive foliose Arachnopusia inchoata, all) of the study period with a high proportion of their lophophores everted. Two erect flustrid species Alloeflustra tenuis and Nematoflustra flagellata showed similar seasonal patterns but differed systematically in the timing of feeding. The shallow water Inversiula nutrix differed in its high between colony variability and the low mean level of feeding activity. These patterns showed no clear relationship to environmental cues such as ice cover, temperature, chlorophyll concentration or vertical flux. It is clear, however, that these species are adapted to feed at very low cell concentrations, and indicate that the polar winter may be shorter and less harsh for shallow water benthic suspension feeders than previously thought.
TechnipFMC secures EPCI contract for Mero 2 project in Brazil. (Credit: TechnipFMC plc.) UK-based oil and gas company TechnipFMC has secured engineering, procurement, construction and installation (EPCI) contract for Mero 2 pre-salt development project in Brazil.Petróleo Brasileiro (Petrobras), the operator of the Libra consortium, has awarded the contract to the company.The other partners of the Libra consortium include Shell Brasil, Total, CNPC, CNOOC Limited and Pré-sal Petróleo (PPSA).The Mero 2 project, is a part the phased development of the Mero oil field project, an ultra-deepwater oilfield located about 180km offshore Rio de Janeiro, in the pre-salt area of the Santos basin in water depth of 2,100 meters.Undr the contract, TechnipFMC will be responsible for the EPCI and pre-commissioning of the infield rigid riser and flowlines for production, including the water alternate gas wells.The company will also provide installation and pre-commissioning of service flexible lines and steel tube umbilicals, as well as towing and hook up of the floating production storage and offloading unit (FPSO).The offshore campaign at Mero 2 project will start in 2022TechnipFMC Subsea president Arnaud Pieton said: “We are delighted to have been awarded another EPCI contract by the Libra Consortium, which reinforces the long-standing relationship between Petrobras and TechnipFMC.“By executing and delivering this new flagship project, we are looking forward to supporting Petrobras’s ambition in the pre-salt region and contributing to the development of Brazil.”The company said that it would leverage synergies with the Mero 1 project subsea EPCI for the execution of the contract.Furthermore, TechnipFMC is expected to begin the offshore campaign in 2022.Recently, Total and its partners have taken the final investment decision (FID) for the third phase of the Mero project. The company is expected to begin the offshore campaign in 2022
City Hall, 861 Asbury Ave. The off-season schedule for trash and recycling pickup begins on Monday, Sept. 9. The new schedule moves from twice-a-week to once-a-week.The off-season trash and recycling collection schedule is:• Monday: South side of 34th Street to 59th Street• Tuesday: South side of 17th Street to north side of 34th Street• Wednesday: South side of 9th Street to north side of 17th Street• Thursday: South side of 3rd Street to north side of 9th Street• Friday: Longport Bridge to north side of 3rd StreetFor more information, visit the Trash and Recycling FAQ. Or see a printable version of the schedule. For information on what can be recycled visit http://www.ocnj.us/recycling/
F irst there was the iMac. Then came the muggers’ favourite, the iPod. Soon, if you take a long run-up and leap across the supermarket from electricals to in-store, you may find i-Bread. But far from being a bizarrely-conceived bready gadget – you can’t, or probably shouldn’t, walk down the street with it stuffed in your ears – this is actually a new concept in artisan-style functional breads.Founder of The Cotswold Food Partnership Carl Le Neveu explains: “i-Bread is about intelligent foods, it’s about ’I’ for me. You feel good buying it because it’s good for you, or because you’ve made an informed choice – for craft, for artisan, for premium. We believe, in time, it will be a recognisable brand in grocery.”The functionality comes from, for example, a crusty white loaf with the fibre and mineral content of wholemeal. Old hat to the plant bakers, maybe, but an idea still largely untouched in in-store, high street bakeries and foodservice. Cotswold is looking to bring its concept to market as a premix or as part-baked products for bake-off via wholesalers. “Consumers are now smarter about what they’re digesting. That, coupled with the huge change in UK demographics, presented an opportunity I couldn’t ignore,” says Le Neveu.One tactic will be identifying markets for the breads on a local level. “There are almost 750,000 Polish migrant workers in the UK. Part of our model is to offer speciality breads regionally, where there are strong pockets of communities.”Le Neveu spent the firm’s first few months securing ingredients supply from the continent. The company will be built around outsourcing. “In fact, we’re taking outsourcing to the extreme! But we’re not agents – there’s far more value to our business. We’re all about NPD and building brands.” n—-=== The pros and cons ===BIGGEST CHALLENGE:I went into this knowing I was prepared to invest in the business personally. I identified the opportunity within premium bread markets and I was ready to grasp it. I could take the financial risk and all of the set-up costs were funded by myself. I don’t take a salary – I want as much income as possible going back into the firm.BIGGEST SATISFACTION:Being at the sharp end of any major company has its stresses and strains – you’ve got budgets to hit and timelines to meet. I expected being self-employed, building a company up from the dust, from an idea to a business plan to implementation, not to be easy. But I’ve never felt so refreshed or satisfied. The biggest thing for me would be looking back in three to five years’ time and saying, ’We made a difference.’—-=== Going it alone ===The firm: Evesham-based Cotswold Food Partnership, launched September 2006The brief: a three-pronged business plan, starting with ’artisan’-style part-baked bread and premixes made with ’functional’ ingredients. Hand-held food-to-go bakery snacks and premium cake will followTypical customers: in-store bakeries; high street bakers; foodservice channelsStaff: five; PR and production is outsourced; a brand development agency has been employed to build the brandBackground: Founder Carl Le Neveu, a fourth-generation baker from South Wales, was educated at The National Bakery School, where he won Student Baker of the Year. He has worked for RHM, Dawn Foods, Kluman & Balter and, latterly, as commercial director with Anthony Alan FoodsFinance: £80,000 – self-financed, not using any grants or loansThird-party manufacturers: Scottish firm Fords, plus one unnamed north-east baker
Margaritas-to-go is just one of the ways Uno Mas has pivoted to make ends meet during the COVID-19 pandemic.KINGFIELD – With the approaching one-year mark of the COVID-19 pandemic, restaurants are settling into what has become the new normal for their industry. Many restaurant owners have had to re-evaluate their businesses several times over the past few months and remaining open has meant constant flexibility and creativity to supplement profits.“It became a game of how to not lose money, instead of a game of how to make money,” said Ryan Nezol, who owns Uno Mas. Uno Mas was one of the few restaurants that remained open in the early months of the pandemic. This was mostly due to the early preparations that Nezol took with his employees and his business. Nezol cut the staff to a minimum and offered only take-out services, an option that many restaurants would utilize in the coming months.“A lot of our customers saw the precautions we took early. They could tell we were taking it seriously and they’ve been supportive ever since. They’d leave extra tips because they knew how much we were struggling. It had some people ordering from here twice a week. It felt good to know the community had my back,” said Nezol.Despite the support from community members who looked to help restaurants any way they could, Uno Mas has suffered many of the same negative impacts of other restaurants this year.Uno Mas is also working on expanding their bar area in order to seat more people while still social distancing.“Between 25-35 percent of my business is people passing through,” said Nezol. With the tourist season all-but nonexistent in the past year and the fears of customers in the early pandemic, Uno Mas struggled to keep its doors open.“There were months on end when I couldn’t afford to spend an extra cent,” said Nezol.Revenue fell more than 40 percent from that of 2019, and it wasn’t clear if Uno Mas would recover. In the recent months, with the opening of dine-in services again, profits have increased, but according to Nezol, they’re nowhere near where they normally are in February when business usually picks up after the holiday decline. Nezol received a round of Covid relief funds part of which he’s utilized to expand the bar inside the restaurant to seat more customers while still socially distancing. He hopes that this will help upcoming business, but the stereotype surrounding restaurants might be the bigger obstacle to overcome in maintaining success as the pandemic continues.“The limited capacity dining in a restaurant is actually safer than having dinner at a friend’s house. That’s where the spread happens, but restaurants were demonized early on by the news,” said Nezol.Polly MacMichael, co-owner of Rolling Fatties in Kingfield, hasn’t necessarily felt the weight of the stereotype, but this may be due to her communal approach to remaining open. To minimize risk and to consolidate resources, the restaurant has cut their hours to weekends only, offering takeout services as well as a fully stocked grocery store.Rolling Fatties now offers their homemade salsa, guacamole, tortillas and even pre-packaged chicken wings through their online market.“We source 95 percent of our products locally already, so we worked with our distributors and local sources to sell raw ingredients and Maine products. People can order it online and we stock it right here, so it’s easy for them to pick it up,” said MacMichael.The products range from locally sourced meats to produce and grains. Distributors such as Maine Grains and Cold Spring Ranch contribute to Rolling Fattie’s market. When customers order online, their market items are placed on the pick-up porch outside the restaurant with the rest of their food order.“We also offer prepared foods, like our guacamole, so that people can buy that in bulk too. The idea is that you can do your grocery shopping and buy everything you need to make your own “fattie” at home. People seem to really appreciate the ease of it, and so we haven’t seen too much of a decline in business,” said MacMichael.Whether Rolling Fatties continues their grocery offerings or not will depend, but for now, there is too much fluctuation to tell MacMichael said.“We just want to do what best for our employees and our customers.”A typical Rolling Fatties market pickup- local produce, beverages and fixings for make-at-home fatties.
Load remaining images Heavy Seas brought together good music and good beer on Saturday at Blunderbuss Music Festival in Baltimore. The one-day fest boasted a fun lineup loaded with hometown heroes. With low ticket prices and a high concentration of talent, Blunderbuss is likely one of the higher bangs-for-buck this summer.Sweet Leda started things off for the early risers with local favorite, Ron Holloway joining them on the sax. They played a new single, “Make it Happen,” off their upcoming album and have a slew of shows coming up around Maryland this summer.Next up was another hometown crew, Cris Jacobs Band, the solo project of The Bridge frontman. Jacobs has a new album in the works which will be out this fall and has been debuting bits and pieces of it at shows in the area.BIG Something brought the dance jams in the late, hot afternoon. The six-man heavy rocking funk band will be making appearances at festivals all over the country this summer.BoomBox continued the dance party in the early evening. These two never disappoint, with smooth lyrics and full jams. The pair will be heading out west until late July, when they come back to the East coast for F.A.R.M. Fest.Baltimore’s own, Robert Randolph & the Family Band headlined the night, bringing the fest to a high-energy ending with fans dancing on stage and multiple encores as the sun went down. The family is off to G Fest and FIBARK Festival this upcoming weekend.Blunderbuss was the second festival put on by Heavy Seas in Baltimore, and the largest one to take place at the harbor this summer. You can check out a few soundboard recordings and a gallery from taper Will Urquhart below.BoomBoxBIG SomethingCris Jacobs Band:
Progressive jam masters Umphrey’s McGee are gearing up for a sure-to-be-special three-night run at the Fillmore in Philadelphia, PA, and they want you to be able to experience the rock show from the comforts of your own home. The band have just announced that all three nights will be available for on-demand streaming courtesy of TourGigs. Each show will be available for purchase in HD and with soundboard audio.Each night costs $12.99, or you can purchase a bundle of all three nights for $34.99. All purchasers will be able to re-watch the shows for a full seven days, giving any Umphrey’s fan across the country the opportunity to take place in these shows, at their own leisure. Click here for more info on how to purchase the webcasts.
Saint Mary’s will celebrate the life of Martin Luther King Jr. this week with daily events on campus hosted by the Office of Civil and Social Engagement (OCSE). Events will incorporate service, the theme of this year’s MLK week at the College.The week kicked off on Monday with two on-campus community service projects in the Student Center, Samira Payne, assistant director of the OCSE, said in an email. During this time, they discussed issues such as poverty, homelessness, youth and education.“Martin Luther King Jr. Day is an opportunity to reflect on the legacy or Dr. King,” Payne said. “He was passionate about justice and equality for all and encouraged our nation to unify, despite our differences. There is still much progress to be made around equality and justice in our society.”On Tuesday, Saint Mary’s students have the opportunity to serve lunch at the Center for the Homeless in South Bend.“I believe this week of events gives our campus an opportunity to think more about how we can use our time and talents to continue to bring positive change to the world around us and how we can learn more about the beauty and strength in our community,” Payne said.A blood drive will take place in the Student Center from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesday. The OCSE hosts four blood drives each school year, with this one scheduled to fall during the week of MLK events, Payne said.“MLK day is often considered a day of service to our community,” Payne said. “By being a volunteer blood donor, Saint Mary’s students, faculty and staff have a tangible opportunity to give back to the South Bend community and save lives.”A mass for peace and justice hosted by Campus Ministry will take place in the Holy Spirit Chapel in Le Mans Hall on Wednesday night at 9 p.m.Courtney Lamar, president of the Student Diversity Board (SDB), said SDB will be hosting a Martin Luther King dinner Thursday night. The dinner will afford attendees the opportunity to reflect on King’s example of service and activism. Mel Tardy, a deacon at St. Augustine’s Church in South Bend, will deliver a keynote speech about King’s value of service and what service looks like in today’s society.“Through his speech, we want people to take away the importance of service in bettering the community around us,” Lamar said. “Like MLK said himself, ‘Life’s most persistent and the urgent question is: What are you doing for others?’ We will also be having the Voice of Faith gospel choir from Notre Dame attend and sing.”On Friday, a Justice Friday presentation will focus on progress since the Civil Rights Movement.“It is important to celebrate MLK Day because of everything Dr. King stood for,” Lamar said. “He believed in equality and fairness. With everything that has been happening, not only in this country but across the world, it is important to remember that we are all human beings.“On MLK Day, I hope that all people can remember King’s words and what he represented and try to make the world a better place. One way they can do that is through service.”Tags: Martin Luther King Jr., MLK, MLK Day, OCSE, SDB, service, SMC
Tom Magill, artistic director and founder of the Educational Shakespeare Company (ESC) gave a lecture sponsored by the Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies on Thursday afternoon; Magill was on campus to present at this week’s Shakespeare in Prisons conference. ESC is located in Belfast, Northern Ireland and focuses on storytelling through drama and film as a cathartic form of expression, most notably for inmates. “Basically, what [ESC] does is it empowers marginalized people to find their voice and tell their stories,” Magill said. Magill was born in Loyalist North Belfast, where he grew up “Protestant and British” during a time of great and violent turmoil against the Irish Republicans. “In North Belfast, your ability to inflict violence was a measure of your power,” Magill said. “‘Turn the other cheek’ my mother would whisper to me; ‘fight back’ my father would say, ashamed of his youngest son, beating me to bed with no supper. I was beaten at home for being a coward, for letting the family name down. I hated my name. I hated Belfast.”When he was 19, Magill spent three years in prison for violence. It was during those three years that Magill reached his “turning point” by delivering a meal to an Irish inmate who was on a hunger strike. “He told me to educate myself, to not waste my time — my life — in prison,” Magill said. “I listened to him. I took in every word. My enemy became my teacher, starving himself to death and yet he gave me good advice: ‘educate yourself, learn about your culture, be proud of who you are, don’t waste your life in here.’ His words challenged me and shook me to the core. I listened to my enemy, IRA [Irish Republican Army] volunteer Frank Stagg.”Magill took the advice to heart. “I started to write,” he said. “I realized being creative made me feel worthwhile. When I was being creative, I lost any desire for violence. But sharing my writing still feels vulnerable. We still think vulnerability is a weakness, but it’s not — it’s the most accurate measure of courage.” In 1994, after being released from prison and studying theatre, he worked with 10 IRA prisoners to adapt Bobby Sands’s epic poem “The Crime of Castlereagh” into theatre — the prisoners were controversially given parole to perform publicly. The poem the play is based on, which Sands wrote after he was in a holding center for terrorists, was so controversial that Magill lost his job. “I was told — in no uncertain terms — to limit my theatre-making skills to short sketches about getting in, out or getting married,” Magill said. “There would be no more political drama. I told prison authorities I was not prepared to work under such circumstances.”He directed “Mickey B,” a film adaptation of “Macbeth” in 2007. The film was shot in Maghaberry high-security prison and prisoners, including former Republican and Loyalist prisoners, made up the cast. “We’re planning our next prison-Shakespeare project, ‘Prospero’s Prison,’ based on ‘The Tempest,’” Magill said. “I’ve chosen not to make the colonial theme central as I believe it will divide opinion. I’m looking for a theme to unite, and that theme is betrayal. Many of the people I’ve spoken to — on both sides of the divide — feel betrayed, so our take will focus on the misplaced trust that feeds the ambition that leads to a brother’s betrayal.” Magill now works in forensic mental health, still encouraging people to share their traumatic stories with film, in addition to serving as the artistic director of ESC.“It’s about having the opportunity to address their needs,” Magill said. “It’s about having the opportunity to be listened to and to have that voice, tease out and then to give them the choice about what they do in terms of being creative and externalizing what is hurting them. Hurt people hurt people and healed people heal people. That process between hurting and healing, that’s where the arts come in. We do that through expression.” Tags: Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies, lecture, shakespeare in prisons conference
Before Notre Dame and Michigan take the field Saturday night, the rivalry weekend will begin with a different football game. Special Olympics Notre Dame will face Special Olympics Michigan in a unified flag football game Friday on Alumni Field at 5 p.m. The game is free and open to the public.The matchup is part of Special Olympics’ rivalry series that has been occurring for the past several years; however, this is the first time Notre Dame has played Michigan. The two unified teams will include Notre Dame and Michigan students as well as athletes with intellectual disabilities from both communities — 10 from South Bend and five from Ann Arbor, Mich.“I’m really excited to represent Notre Dame not only in the sense of the football game with Michigan but also to connect the Special Olympics communities,” Special Olympics member and sophomore Ellie Olmanson said. (Editor’s note: Olmanson is a former Sports Writer for The Observer.)Sophomore Sofie Palumbo, the Special Olympics Notre Dame event coordinator, said she is excited about the partnership aspect of the event.“We have had a great partnership with Special Olympics Michigan club since the Special Olympics Notre Dame club started, so we really wanted to host this event,” she said.Former Michigan wide receiver, Heisman Trophy winner and College GameDay host Desmond Howard will serve opposite former Notre Dame offensive lineman, ESPN’s Mike Golic, Jr., as honorary team captains.“We’re hoping for a really great turnout,” Palumbo said. “ESPN will be filming and coverage will hopefully be on ESPN or ESPN2 later that day.”The goal of the flag football game and the unified teams is to promote inclusion among students and participants with intellectual disabilities, Palumbo said.“Our main goal was to spread awareness for inclusion,” Palumbo said. “Our focus for doing this with football is because Notre Dame loves it so much and there’s power of showing inclusion through sports and especially with a rivalry people are so passionate about.”The Notre Dame vs. Michigan match is the only flag football game on the calendar for Special Olympics Notre Dame this year, but the organization hopes to extend this event to other games and sports where there has been Special Olympics involvement, Palumbo said. For now, Special Olympics Notre Dame is focused on continuing this historic rivalry which will bring the game to Ann Arbor in the fall for the next installment of the Notre Dame-Michigan renewed rivalry.“I think it’s so cool that this game represents more than two rivals coming together,” Olmanson said. “It’s a huge step for the special needs community cuing the fact that this is the start of something that will hopefully be a tradition we can look forward to every year.”Palumbo said Special Olympics would like to have a lot of people in attendance for the game.“We’re really trying to … make this a surreal experience for our athletes because they’re incredible,” Palumbo said.Tags: Notre Dame-Michigan Rivalry, Special Olympics Notre Dame