What fuels prejudice?

first_img Diversity and dialogue in an age of division Related Social scientists have long worked to understand the roots of racial prejudice in the U.S., and for years, the story went like this: As different groups are exposed to others, their prejudice against those others increases.Brian O’Shea wasn’t buying it.A postdoctoral fellow working in the lab of Matt Nock, the Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, O’Shea is the lead author of a study that suggests fear of a different sort of exposure — exposure to infectious diseases — may boost racial tension. The study is described in a July 15 paper published in Social Psychological and Personality Science.“What this paper is about is challenging that previous research,” O’Shea said. “I’m saying that perhaps this correlation that was shown by previous researchers is spurious and could instead be driven by infectious disease. If you are exposed to novel diseases carried by an out-group member and contract one, chances are it could spread very quickly through your in-group, so as humans we have these very strong mechanisms to distance ourselves from other groups when infectious diseases are prevalent … and that is perceived as prejudice.”In an effort to understand how infectious disease might increase prejudice between groups, O’Shea turned to Project Implicit, the organization co-founded in 1998 by Mahzarin Banaji, Richard Clarke Cabot Professor of Social Ethics, to educate the public about hidden biases and act as a “virtual laboratory” for collecting data online.“They measure explicit bias on a scale of one to seven, with one being ‘I strongly prefer white people to black people,’ and seven being the other way around,” O’Shea said. “But they also measure unconscious bias using a test that involves sorting white and black faces into good or bad categories.”In addition to those measures, O’Shea said, the project also scores volunteers on the Bayesian Racism Scale, a 15-item test that measures people’s beliefs about whether it is appropriate to discriminate against people based on stereotypes about their racial group.In all, O’Shea analyzed data on some 700,000 whites and more than 150,000 blacks, and the results were unambiguous.“We found that if you’re a white or black person living in a region with more infectious diseases, you have a strong feeling in favor of your in-group and a stronger opposition to your out-group,” O’Shea said. “And this effect occurs even if we control for individual factors like age, political ideology, religious belief, education and gender, and a number of state-level factors, including median income, inequality, race exposure, and more.”In subsequent tests, O’Shea said, results indicated that after viewing images related to disease, such as people coughing or children with chickenpox, whites who showed greater aversion to germs increased their explicit — but not implicit — prejudice toward blacks. Seminar addresses racism, politics, poverty, and privilege Forum examines rising tide of hate, while promoting approaches that encourage tolerance While it offers a new way of explaining intergroup prejudices, O’Shea said it also points to one possible way to combat them — by increasing health care spending.“I see this as being an argument for why the government should put more energy into equalizing access to health care,” O’Shea said. “If you want to have better intergroup relations, it is crucial that those who are severely disadvantaged have easy access to free health care, because if a particular group contracts a disease and they are not treated quickly, it may cause even more animosity and tensions in the region or neighborhood.”This research was supported with funding from a Department of Psychology Ph.D. Studentship from the University of Warwick and an EU Marie Curie Global Fellowship. The endless struggle over racismlast_img read more

Battling the ‘pandemic of misinformation’

first_img“What I have found is a remarkable degree of consensus among people who understand the science of this disease around what the fundamental issues are and then disagreements about trade-offs and policies,” said Jha, who is a frequent commentator on news programs. “The idea of covering the science in a two-sided way on areas where there really isn’t any disagreement has struck me as very, very odd, and it keeps coming up over and over again.”Then there is the problem of political bias. This has been especially true at right-leaning media outlets, which have largely repeated news angles and viewpoints promoted by the White House and the president on the progress of the pandemic and the efficacy of the administration’s response, boosting unproven COVID-19 treatments and exaggerating the availability of testing and safety equipment and prospects for speedy vaccine development.Tara Setmayer, a spring 2020 Resident Fellow at the Institute of Politics and former Republican Party communications director, said what’s coming from Fox News and other pro-Trump media goes well beyond misinformation. Whether downplaying the views of government experts on COVID-19’s lethality, blaming China or philanthropist Bill Gates for its spread, or cheering shutdown protests funded by Republican political groups, it’s all part of “an active disinformation campaign,” she said, aimed at deflecting the president’s responsibility as he wages a reelection campaign.But turning around those who buy into false information is not as simple as piercing epistemic bubbles with facts, said Christopher Robichaud, senior lecturer in ethics and public policy at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) who teaches the Gen Ed course “Ignorance, Lies, Hogwash and Humbug: The Value of Truth and Knowledge in Democracies.”Over time, bubble dwellers can become cocooned in a media echo chamber that not only feeds faulty information to audiences, but anticipates criticisms in order to “prebut” potential counterarguments that audience members may encounter from outsiders, much the way cult leaders do.“It’s not enough to introduce new pieces of evidence. You have to break through their strategies to diminish that counterevidence, and that’s a much harder thing to do than merely exposing people to different perspectives,” he said.While Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube have all recently ramped up efforts to take down COVID-19 misinformation following public outcry, social media platforms “fall short” when it comes to curbing the flow, said Joan Donovan, who leads the Technology and Social Change Project at HKS.Since the national shift to remote work, many social media firms are relying more heavily on artificial intelligence to patrol misinformation on their platforms, instead of human moderators, who tend to be more effective, said Donovan. So many users suddenly searching and posting about one specific topic can “signal jam search algorithms, which cannot tell the difference usually between truth and lies.” The public needs to more closely scrutinize and be “much more skeptical” about what they’re reading and hearing, particularly online, and not try to keep up with the very latest COVID-19 research. — Kasisomayajula Viswanath Related Across a range of disciplines, from medicine to history, biology to business, the crisis has become a living part of the curriculum Former Chan School Dean Bloom assesses where efforts stand and the challenges ahead These firms are reluctant to spark a regulatory backlash by policing their platforms too tightly and angering one or both political parties.“So they are careful to take action on content that is deemed immediately harmful (like posts that say to drink chemicals), but are reticent to enforce moderation on calls for people to break the stay-at-home orders,” said Donovan.Viswanath said public health officials cannot, and should not, chase down and debunk every bit of misinformation or conspiracy theory, lest the attention lends them some credence. The public needs to more closely scrutinize and be “much more skeptical” about what they’re reading and hearing, particularly online, and not try to keep up with the very latest COVID-19 research. “You don’t need to know everything,” he said.Putting the onus entirely on the public, however, is “unfair and it won’t work,” said Viswanath. Institutions, like social media platforms, have to take more responsibility for what’s out there. How far are we from a vaccine? Depends on who ‘we’ is This is part of our Coronavirus Update series in which Harvard specialists in epidemiology, infectious disease, economics, politics, and other disciplines offer insights into what the latest developments in the COVID-19 outbreak may bring.When a disease outbreak grabs the public’s attention, formal recommendations from medical experts are often muffled by a barrage of half-baked advice, sketchy remedies, and misguided theories that circulate as anxious people rush to understand a new health risk.The current crisis is no exception. The sudden onset of a new, highly contagious coronavirus has unleashed what U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres last week called a “pandemic of misinformation,” a phenomenon that has not gone unnoticed as nearly two-thirds of Americans said they have seen news and information about the disease that seemed completely made up, according to a recent Pew Research Center study.What distinguishes the proliferation of bad information surrounding the current crisis, though, is social media. Kasisomayajula “Vish” Viswanath, Lee Kum Kee Professor of Health Communication at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, said the popularity and ubiquity of the various platforms means the public is no longer merely passively consuming inaccuracies and falsehoods. It’s disseminating and even creating them, which is a “very different” dynamic than what took place during prior pandemics MERS and H1N1.The sheer volume of COVID-19 misinformation and disinformation online is “crowding out” the accurate public health guidance, “making our work a bit more difficult,” he said.“Misinformation could be an honest mistake or the intentions are not to blatantly mislead people,” like advising others to eat garlic or gargle with salt water as protection against COVID-19, he said. Disinformation campaigns, usually propagated for political gain by state actors, party operatives, or activists, deliberately spread falsehoods or create fake content, like a video purporting to show the Chinese government executing residents in Wuhan with COVID-19 or “Plandemic,” a film claiming the pandemic is a ruse to coerce mass vaccinations, which most major social media platforms recently banned.In order to be effective, especially during a crisis, public health communicators have to be seen as credible, transparent, and trustworthy. And there, officials are falling short, said Viswanath.“People are hungry for information, hungry for certitude, and when there is a lack of consensus-oriented information and when everything is being contested in public, that creates confusion among people,” he said.“When the president says disinfectants … or anti-malaria drugs are one way to treat COVID-19, and other people say, ‘No, that’s not the case,’ the public is hard-pressed to start wondering, ‘If the authorities cannot agree, cannot make up their minds, why should I trust anybody?’”Mainstream media coverage has added to the problem, analysts say. At many major news outlets, reporters and editors with no medical or public health training were reassigned to cover the unfolding pandemic and are scrambling to get up to speed with complex scientific terminology, methodologies, and research, and then identify, as well as vet, a roster of credible sources. Because many are not yet knowledgeable enough to report critically and authoritatively on the science, they can sometimes lean too heavily on traditional journalism values like balance, novelty, and conflict. In doing so, they lift up outlier and inaccurate counterarguments and hypotheses, unnecessarily muddying the water.“That’s a huge challenge,” said Ashish Jha, K.T. Li Professor of Global Health and Director of the Harvard Global Health Institute, during an April 24 talk about COVID-19 misinformation hosted by the Technology and Social Change Research Project at the Shorenstein Center for Media, Politics and Public Policy. “People are hungry for information, hungry for certitude, and when there is a lack of consensus-oriented information and when everything is being contested in public, that creates confusion among people.” — Kasisomayajula Viswanath Global race to a COVID-19 vaccine Team at Harvard plans to launch clinical trial in fall Studying COVID-19 in real time Public health organizations should be running effective communication surveillance of social media to monitor which rumors, ideas, and issues most worry the public, what is understood and misunderstood about various diseases and treatments, and what myths are circulating or being actively promoted in the community. And they need to have a strategy in place to counter what they’re picking up. “You cannot control this, but you can at least manage some of this,” Viswanath said.Though some COVID-19 misinformation and conspiracy theories are outlandish or even dangerously inaccurate, Robichaud said it’s a mistake to dismiss those who believe them as people who don’t care about the truth.Many cognitive biases get in the way of even the best truth-seeking strategies, so perhaps we could all benefit from a little more intellectual humility in this time of such great uncertainty, he said.“Most of us are, at best, experts in a tiny, tiny area. But we don’t navigate the world as if that were true. We navigate the world as if we’re experts about a whole bunch of things that we’re not,” he said. “A little intellectual humility can go a long way. And I say that as a professor: It’s true of us, and it’s also true of the public at large.”last_img read more

Lecture explores ancient empire’s reputation

first_imgProfessor emeritus of the University of California at Berkeley, and Notre Dame class of ’59 alumnus Thomas Brady said in a lecture Friday that the Holy Roman Empire – which at its height stretched from eastern France to the Baltic lands — has until recently been misconstrued and misrepresented by academics and non-academics alike.Specifically discussing the period between 1450 and 1650, which scholars often term the long 16th century, Brady said the Empire’s loosely defined borders and obscure political construction both contribute to the “traditional Western European image of German backwardness versus progressive Franco-British civilization.”“This view of German culture was famously enshrined in a very pretentious comment by the French philosopher François Arouet, known as Voltaire,” he said. “He sneered at what he called ‘this agglomeration which was called and which still calls itself the Holy Roman Empire [and which] was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire.’”However, Brady said the traditionally negative portrayal of the Holy Roman Empire is unfair and inaccurate, and that historians over the last 40 years have increasingly viewed the Empire in a more positive light.He said his own interest in the Holy Roman Empire arose during his undergraduate years at Notre Dame, where he experienced an intense “pedagogical pressure in favor of Europeanism.”In this environment where European studies figured prominently, Brady said he began to struggle with the issue of understanding the complex political dynamics of the Holy Roman Empire.Unfortunately, he said, relatively few American scholars at that time displayed interest in the topic owing to the Empire’s intricacy and its clear contrast to the countries of France, England and Spain.“The greatest difference between these lands, and the more consolidated kingdoms of France, England and Spain, was that the Empire so long preserved its configuration into many relatively small, secular polities ruled by princely dynasties, bishop and archbishops, abbots and abbesses, free knights and self-governing peasant communities,” Brady said.Having spent a major portion of his academic career attempting to understand the Holy Roman Empire, Brady said the focus of his research has concerned the Empire’s communal institutions, as opposed to the legacy of its unstable member states.He said he believes the comparative resilience of the Empire’s communal institutions depended on several distinct characteristics.First, he said, spanning from the 13th to 18th centuries, the Empire’s imperial high courts and regional parliaments helped to some degree to unite its disparate principalities. Furthermore, he said state-building took place in a regional rather than national setting, which allowed Central European principalities to retain “far more control — local control — of their institutions and [bear] far less crushing burdens of taxation for military and imperial purposes.”Finally, he said the Church operated as a stabilizing force in the cultural and political life of the Empire, and that there was a “remarkable interpenetration of secular and ecclesiastical institutions of authority.”However, he said because different Church dioceses preserved different languages and dialects, the Empire as a whole was unable to maintain linguistic — and therefore political — unity. The result, he said, was that the Holy Roman Empire could never fully imitate the consolidation and cohesiveness of other Western European states.Brady’s lecture introduced librarian Julie Tanaka’s new exhibit of texts from the Holy Roman Empire, which is currently on display in the Rare Books and Special Collections room of the Hesburgh Library.  After Brady concluded his speech, Tanaka offered some remarks concerning the inspiration behind her three-year-long project collecting manuscripts and images from the long 16th century.“Behind this exhibit is my own fascination with this period that claims to be a century … and my fascination with an entity which is this German thing — Germany — almost having somewhat of an identity crisis,” she said. “Was it an empire? Was it a kingdom? Maybe it was just a loose grouping of lands.”Tags: History Lecture, Holy Roman Empire, Rare Book Room Exhibit, Thomas Bradylast_img read more

Going the Distance

first_imgBen Friberg’s record-setting rideBen Friberg can look you in the eye and honestly tell you that he has lived his dreams.  Last month, Ben traveled to the Yukon Territory of Canada and set a new 24 hour stand-up paddleboarding distance world record. Ben’s fitness, combined with the power of the mighty Yukon River, propelled him 238 miles through the subarctic Northland and into the history books.  This feat is significant for many reasons, and in no small part because it puts river paddleboarding on the map. Traditionally a flatwater pastime, paddleboarding has been embraced by river adventurists, who have redefined what is possible with a board and a paddle. While Ben’s attempt was fantastically successful, it was not without its challenges. Here are Ben’s thoughts during pivotal parts of the expedition: I don’t know if I can keep this up. I did not expect this headwind and storm. As cold rain soaks my face and clothes, the support team in the boat layer up, huddle under the canopy, and sip chicken broth. At 10 miles per hour, I am making good progress, but the river is still very channelized. I know that it will slow as I get further downstream and the river braids out. I need to gain every inch possible now to have any chance at breaking the record. It is imperative that I keep my momentum.In spite of the outside conditions, my body is a metronome: heart rate, breath, paddle stroke. I have prepared for this for months, and I know what to do. Barely visible through the low-hanging rain clouds are the flanks of spectacular mountains all around. The trees are getting noticeably smaller as the river winds its way toward the desolate tundra. My vision settles just in front of the board, and in spite of the occasional words from my friends on the boat, I am alone with my thoughts and this chilling wind.I am losing precious distance every minute, with a large percentage of my output being negated by a force that seems hell-bent on pushing me backwards.“How long has it been?” I ask the support crew.“Six hours. Keep it up man, you’re doing great!”Six hours. That means I have been battling this wind for over five hours, and it is showing no sign of relenting. It’s almost midnight, but the Northland never gets completely dark in the summertime. The sun simply rotates below the horizon slightly, and rises again a few hours later. This 24-hour daylight and the power of the 100,000-cubic-feet-per-second Yukon River are two major factors that have made this attempt possible. I will never forgive myself if I allow this opportunity to slip away.As quickly as the wind and rain started, it suddenly ebbs. I clear my eyes, release my face from a squint that I have been holding, and look around. The river is rounding a sweeping left corner, and I see an ethereal alpenglow over the top of the mountains. My body’s metronome continues.As I cross out of the shadow of the mountain, a deep red sunset explodes into view, framed by the landscape of one of the most remote and dramatic areas on the planet. The river is smooth as glass, and it reflects a perfect mirror image of the crimson sky. My board slices through the red hue silently, and I realize that this moment is why I traveled 4,000 miles from home. There is no one else within a hundred miles of us, and I am chasing the sun on my board.There are certain beauties to be found in this world that render us speechless. No words can describe what we are seeing, so no one says anything. Mesmerized by the sunset, I don’t look at the support boat behind me for a long time. When I do, I notice the rainstorm behind me that I had battled for so long. In front of it is a perfect horizon-to-horizon rainbow.As the sun slowly sets and my paddle continues its rhythm, I think of everything that has gotten me to this point. I think of the first time I got on a friend’s standup board a few years ago. So much has happened since then. I think of countless hours spent on the Tennessee River near my house training, and I think of the logistical time and uncertainties that came with planning a mission of this complexity.Even though I am only a third of the way into the journey, I know that it will be successful. The river has created these conditions just for me today, and it is my job to do it justice by doing my part and pushing my body to its limits. The sun finally disappears and the hypnosis ends. As the guys in the boat pull up next to me, I can tell that they now believe too.With spirits revived, I continue paddling North.The Moment is a monthly page where we venture into the minds of inspiring outdoor enthusiasts and athletes. Submit your most powerful outdoor experiences to [email protected]last_img read more

Brazilian Defense Ministry Helps Indigenous Communities Combat the Coronavirus

first_imgBy Andréa Barretto/Diálogo August 05, 2020 In Brazil, indigenous peoples are among the populations with the highest coronavirus mortality rate, which is 150 percent higher than the country’s average. The infection rate of the disease is also 84 percent higher among these communities, affecting 759 indigenous people per 100,000 inhabitants, while the average in Brazil is 413.Since May, the Ministry of Defense, in conjunction with the Ministry of Health, the Armed Forces, and health professionals, has been providing medical services and basic supplies, including personal protective equipment and food, to indigenous populations across Brazil.None of the 200 COVID-19 tests conducted in late June, early July 2020, for the Yanomami and Raposa Serra do Sol populations came back positive. (Photo: Igor Soares/Brazilian Ministry of Defense’s Communications Office)The most recent operation was the interministerial mission for the indigenous people of Roraima, in the northern part of the country. This mission is part of the COVID-19 operation, which includes various activities from the federal government to combat the coronavirus. Between June 30 and July 4, Yanomami villages and Raposa Serra do Sol territories, which are among the largest indigenous territories in Brazil, and home to isolated indigenous communities, received 3,858 medical and nursing services.Locals were able to receive pediatric, gynecological, general, and infectious disease care. In total, 21 health care professionals from the Armed Forces contributed to the medical care for indigenous people, working in partnership with the health teams on site.Two hundred and nine people suspected of having COVID-19 were also tested. “Nobody was infected in the region. This is a good sign,” said Robson Santos da Silva, special secretary of Indigenous Health, speaking about the tests conducted in indigenous territories.Logistics effortA total of 4 tons of supplies were distributed to the Yanomami and Raposa Serra do Sol indigenous tribes, which included surgical masks, hand sanitizer, gloves, caps, hospital gowns, medications, and basic food baskets. The Brazilian Air Force (FAB, in Portuguese) helped the interministerial mission with its aircraft and service members to carry and distribute the supplies.FAB is also responsible for transporting the professional teams, which this time traveled onboard the KC-390, the largest military freighter in Latin America.Crisis cabinetThe Security Cabinet of the Office of the President, with the participation of civil and judicial institutions, coordinates the effort to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among the indigenous people, through a newly created crisis cabinet.On July 17, the team had their first meeting to develop strategies and create sanitation barriers in 31 territories with the presence of isolated indigenous populations.last_img read more

5 signs that it’s time to quit your job

first_imgThere are good days and there are bad days in every job, no matter how awesome or awful your job is. But when the bad days start outnumbering the good ones, how do you know that it’s time to do something else? Here are a few signs that it’s time to quit your job.You’re always complaining about it: If I were to ask your friends how you felt about your job, what would they say? Would they say that you don’t seem to like it very much? You’re not a fan of your coworkers? If you’ll take a minute and ponder the things you’ve said about your job to those you confide in, you’ll probably get a good idea of how you really feel about it.You hate waking up in the morning: Sure, for us night owls the morning is never exactly AWESOME, but what about when you find yourself lying in bed dreading the morning ahead? This may be a sign that it’s time you dust off and update your resume.You’re always tired: You’ve tried sleeping in on the weekends, and you still don’t feel refreshed. Maybe you’re not physically worn out. Maybe it’s an emotional or mental feeling that’s causing you to feel drained all the time. If you know those feelings are stemming from work issues, then you can bet that your job is wearing on you. This could be a sign that it’s time to look elsewhere for employment.You don’t get along with anyone at work: If you don’t really like anyone, anywhere, that’s probably a personal issue. But if you’re simply having trouble connecting with your coworkers or your boss, it may be a sign of unhappiness in your current job. Think about what it would be like to not walk in those doors every morning, and see what that does for your attitude.You’re bored: If you’re bored at work, you’re either overqualified or you’re having trouble finding value in your job responsibilities. If you find yourself in this situation, it’s probably time to start looking for a more fulfilling career. 49SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,John Pettit John Pettit is the Managing Editor for CUInsight.com. John manages the content on the site, including current news, editorial, press releases, jobs and events. He keeps the credit union … Web: www.cuinsight.com Detailslast_img read more

Gov. Wolf Takes Bold Action to Reduce Gun Violence

first_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitter Gov. Wolf Takes Bold Action to Reduce Gun Violence August 16, 2019 The Council will meet within 60 days of the signing of the Executive Order and will be responsible for the following:Adopting a public health and community engagement strategy that includes gun owners, health care professionals, and victims of gun-related incidents,Reviewing current background check processes for firearms purchasers and making recommendations for improvement,Reviewing best practices and making recommendations that keep weapons from dangerous individuals,Identifying and defining strategies across Commonwealth agencies to align resources to reduce gun violence, andProviding PCCD and the Senior Advisor with recommendations to reduce incidents of community violence, mass shootings, and domestic violence, suicide, and accidental shootings within 180 days of the initial meeting of the Council. New Oversight and Data SharingEstablish the Office of Gun Violence Prevention within PCCD and the Division of Violence Prevention within the Department of Health’s Bureau of Health Promotion and Risk Reduction. Together, the offices will tackle gun violence and prevention from both the public safety and public health perspectives.Charles Ramsey, Chair of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency, will serve as senior advisor to the Governor, leading the commonwealth’s efforts on gun reform.Charge the Office of Gun Violence Prevention with coordinating a system of focused police deterrence in neighborhoods and cities where violence is most extreme; work with other Commonwealth agencies and stakeholders on community gun violence prevention; and lost and stolen firearms reporting requirements for law enforcement.PCCD will staff the new Special Council on Gun Violence, which will meet within 60 days of the executive order signing to begin developing a comprehensive plan to reduce gun violence.center_img Direct all departments to engage in a statewide effort at combatting the systemic causes of violence, namely poverty, economic opportunities, mental and behavioral health supports, and hopelessness.Establish a Violence Data Dashboard to provide a better understanding of the scope, frequency, geography, and populations affected by violence, including counts, rates, and factors contributing to violence.Reducing Community Gun ViolenceExpand and support gun buyback programs through the Pennsylvania State Police (PSP) and municipal police departments.Direct PSP and the Municipal Police Officers’ Education and Training Commission (MPOETC) to develop training on community gun violence prevention and focused deterrence.Increase data sharing among jurisdictions to ensure broad geographical data is represented and tracked at the state level.Partner with the courts to grow awareness and utilization of evidence-based juvenile justice programs that are proven to reduce violent crimes.Expand Positive Behavioral Intervention and Supports (PBIS), a proactive approach to improving school safety and promoting positive behavior, in schools statewide.Combatting Mass ShootingsCharge PSP with expanding their monitoring of hate groups, white nationalists, and other fringe organizations and individuals, and conducting investigations, online and in communities, related to any threats of violence by these groups or individuals.Expand the “See Something/Send Something” program to receive reports of suspicions of mass shootings by text and use a campaign to raise awareness of the ability to contact police by text.Coordinate PSP and MPOTEC with local first responders to develop training on how to facilitate and handle warnings of suspicions of potential mass shootings.PSP and PA Capitol Police will coordinate with agency secretaries to offer active shooter/incident management training to all employees, not just management. Enroll Pennsylvania in the “States for Gun Safety” coalition, a multistate partnership charged with combatting the gun violence by sharing information and establishing the nation’s first regional Gun Violence Research Consortium.Direct the Office of Homeland Security to launch an awareness campaign regarding the local, state, and federal resources on safety planning and preparedness.Halting Domestic Violence-Related and Self-Inflicted ShootingsDirect the Suicide Prevention Task Force to make immediate recommendations on steps to reduce suicides by gun.Build on current Mental Health Stigma campaigns that provide families and communities with real stories and statistics as well as information about how to access resources.Develop a multidisciplinary Suicide Death Review Team to increase data collection and inform preventions efforts and policy decisions.Increase awareness of and strengthen services within the Student Assistance Program, which allow school districts to provide mental health referrals, across the commonwealth by providing technical assistance.The executive action taken today will provide greater protection for all Pennsylvanians by targeting various types of gun violence with both preventative and proactive programs. Gov. Wolf recognizes the Second Amendment but believes all Americans and Pennsylvanians have the inalienable rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness that also must be protected.“It is my honor and my duty to guide our commonwealth to a place where residents are not dying from gun violence while also upholding rights,” Gov. Wolf said. “By finding the right middle ground, we can create the best Pennsylvania; one of freedom without fear. The conversation of where this middle ground lays is ongoing, and I look forward to continuing it with the legislature as we move into the start of the fall session.”Read the full text of the executive order below. You can also view the executive order on Scribd and as a PDF.Executive Order – 2019-06 -… by Governor Tom Wolf on Scribd Press Release,  Public Safety Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf signed an executive order making unprecedented sweeping changes to executive branch agencies and programs to better target the public health crisis of gun violence in Pennsylvania. He was joined by advocates, legislators, cabinet secretaries and Charles Ramsey, chair of the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD), who will use his expertise in a new role advising the executive branch on implementing these changes.“Too many Pennsylvanians are dying from gun violence. We need to fix our weak gun laws and pass reforms focused on increasing safety and reducing danger to our citizens.” Gov. Wolf said. “The action I am announcing today includes provisions for Pennsylvanians of all walks of life and looks at gun violence from all angles.”The governor’s executive order names Ramsey as a senior advisor charged with coordinating and facilitating gun violence reduction. Ramsey will lead a new Office of Gun Violence Prevention within the PCCD, and the office will contain a Special Council on Gun Violence tasked with meeting within 60 days to begin developing a plan to reduce gun violence in our commonwealth.The executive order also creates the Division of Violence Prevention within the Department of Health. The two new offices will work together to tackle gun violence from both the gun safety and public health perspectives. Together, they will establish new oversight and data sharing, reduce community gun violence, combat mass shootings, and halt domestic violence-related and self-inflicted shootings.“I am honored to be asked by Governor Wolf to chair the Special Council on Gun Violence and serve as his senior advisor,” PCCD Chairman Charles Ramsey said. “I look forward to developing recommendations to reduce and prevent gun violence – in all its forms – throughout Pennsylvania. The opportunity to explore gun violence in its totality is a unique challenge, but I am confident that the Council, the Office of Gun Violence Prevention at PCCD, and the Division of Violence Prevention at DOH will be up to that task.”More than 1,600 people died in Pennsylvania from gunshot wounds in 2017, a rate above the national average. While all types of violence must be addressed, guns account for the weapon used in 74 percent of all homicides and 52 percent of fatal suicides in Pennsylvania. The spikes in gun violence have led to billions of taxpayer dollars going toward efforts to increase security in schools and other public places and provide medical care to survivors, while families and communities have suffered invaluable losses when loved ones die of senseless gun violence.Gov. Wolf recognizes that executive action alone cannot end gun violence in Pennsylvania. In addition to his call for a federal assault weapons ban, he will also call upon the General Assembly to pass safe storage legislation to reduce the number of accidental shootings, the Extreme Risk Protection Order Act, also known as the red flag law, lost and stolen gun reporting, and universal background checks by the Pennsylvania State Police on all gun purchases.Governor Wolf’s Executive Order will immediately implement the following:Special Council on Gun ViolenceHoused at the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD), the Special Council on Gun Violence will consist of representatives from the following:One representative from each of PCCD’s existing advisory committees, including the Children’s Advocacy Center Advisory Committee, Criminal Justice Advisory Committee, the Mental Health and Justice Advisory Committee, the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Committee, the Victims’ Services Advisory Committee, the School Safety and Security Committee, and the Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs Education and Training Board;One representative from each of the four legislative caucuses of the General Assembly or their designees;The Secretaries of Education, Health, and Human Services, the State Police Commissioner, the Executive Director of PCCD, and the Director of the Office of Homeland Security;Any other ex-officio member as designated by the Governor.last_img read more

Modular seats meet many applications

first_imgDEVELOPED by Vogel Interieur Schienenfahrzeuge in conjunction with TriCon Design of Weiden, the Wing modular seating system has been designed for applications ranging from metro cars and suburban rolling stock to high-speed trains. Wing components meeting railway mechanical strength and fire safety requirements can be assembled as desired; four different combinations illustrate the wide range of potential uses.The basic Wing seat comprises a seat pan and a seat back in shaped plywood, mounted on a frame. For a greater degree of comfort, flat padding can be clipped to the seat and back, and a headrest provided. Armrests and fully-padded coverings in textiles, synthetics or leather are available for vehicles deployed on longer journeys; an adjustable version fitted with a table, and other accessories such as a reading light and waste bin, would be suitable for first class applications. The lightweight Wing family has been developed for outright purchase or hire, and its modular character lends itself to simplified, cost-effective maintenance. To cater for the rail market, established bus seating supplier Vogel Industrie established its Vogel Interieur Schienenfahrzeuge subsidiary in 1993 at the Waggonbau Ammendorf site in Halle. Current production includes Type RE seats for German Railway regional express trains. Vogel Industrie GmbH, Karlsruhe, GermanyReader Enquiry Number 111CAPTION: Accessories for the basic Wing seat range from headrests and flat padding (left) to armrests and seat-back tableslast_img read more

Eni adds acreage offshore Argentina to its portfolio

first_imgThe Argentinian authorities have officially awarded the exploration license of offshore block MLO 124 to an Eni-led consortium.Eni said on Monday that the award is the outcome of the consortium’s successful bid in the International Bid Round “Ronda Costa Afuera n. 1” held on April 16, 2019.A total of 38 blocks were on offer in the licensing round, the first open bid round for Argentinean offshore acreage in more than 20 years.Block MLO 124 is located offshore in the Cuenca Marina Malvinas (the Malvinas Basin), some 100 kilometers off the coast of Tierra del Fuego, and encompasses an area of 4,418 square kilometers in water depths ranging from less than 100 to 650 meters.Eni holds 80% working interest and is the operator of a consortium, which also includes Tecpetrol S.A. and Mitsui & Co. Ltd., with 10% each.The activity to be completed during the four years of the First Phase of the Exploration Period mainly consists in a 3D geophysical survey covering the entire block and other geophysical potential field surveys.Eni has been present in Argentina since 1991 with its subsidiary Eni Argentina Exploración y Explotación S.A., which owns a 30% working interest in the offshore concession “Tauro-Sirius”, located in Tierra del Fuego’s shallow water.It is worth reminding that ExxonMobil increased holdings in Argentina after its subsidiary ExxonMobil Argentina Offshore Investments and an affiliate of Qatar Petroleum won three exploration blocks during Argentina’s first offshore bid round. The award added approximately 2.6 million net acres to its existing holdings in Argentina. ExxonMobil was named the operator of the blocks with a 70 percent working interest and a Qatar Petroleum affiliate was awarded the remaining 30 percent.Furthermore, Norwegian Equinor added seven offshore exploration blocks in Argentina to its portfolio – five as the operator and two as a partner – as part of the country’s first Offshore Licensing Round.Spotted a typo? Have something more to add to the story? Maybe a nice photo? Contact our editorial team via email. Offshore Energy Today, established in 2010, is read by over 10,000 industry professionals daily. We had nearly 9 million page views in 2018, with 2.4 million new users. This makes us one of the world’s most attractive online platforms in the space of offshore oil and gas and allows our partners to get maximum exposure for their online campaigns. If you’re interested in showcasing your company, product or technology on Offshore Energy Today contact our marketing manager Mirza Duran for advertising options.last_img read more

Adepoju cautions Osimhen, Chukwueze over CAF award snub

first_imgRead Also:CAF awards: Eagles stars missing from Africa’s best XI“No CAF Youth Player of the Year, no problem! dear Chukwueze and Osimhen come on, cheer up because the future belongs to you. Never give up,” Adepoju tweeted.Interestingly, Osimhen and Chukwueze were among Eagles squad members that claimed third-place at AFCON 2019 and have continued to excel in their respective clubs in Europe.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… Ex-Super Eagles midfielder Mutiu Adepoju has cautioned Samuel Chukwueze and Victor Osimhen after missing out of 2019 young African player of the year award on Tuesday night, January 7, in Cairo.Advertisement Promoted Content6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?11 Most Immersive Game To Play On Your Table TopWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?Who’s The Best Car Manufacturer Of All Time?8 Things To Expect If An Asteroid Hits Our Planet5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme Parks11 Movies That Changed The Way We Think Of CGI Forever7 Interesting Facts About GoT Star Maisie Williams7 Mind-Boggling Facts About Black Holes7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend BetterCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable Way Morocco’s Achraf Hakimi claimed CAF young player of the year award ahead of the Nigerians during the ceremony in the Egypt capital, but Adepoju is tipping the pair for greatness in the future.Reacting moments after the awards, Adepoju took to the social media, to reassure both players that missing out of the CAF award is not the end of their career.last_img read more