Chicago grants Emmett Till’s South Side home landmark status

first_imgCHICAGO (AP) — The Chicago home of Emmett Till, the Black teenager whose 1955 lynching galvanized the civil rights movement, has been granted landmark status. The Chicago City Council on Wednesday approved an ordinance that protects the South Side home from demolition. Till was 14 in the summer of 1955 when he went to visit family in Mississippi. There he was killed by a mob of white men who accused him of whistling at a white woman. His death became a flashpoint for the civil rights movement when his mother insisted his mutilated body be placed in an open casket so the world could see what happened.last_img

French court awards total $8.9 million to former coal miners

first_imgLYON, France (AP) — A French court has ordered the state to pay 7.3 million euros ($8.9 million) to 727 former coal miners for the anxiety caused by a career of exposure to toxic substances. The case could set a precedent for other former miners or those working in dangerous environments without protection. “Anxiety” damages allow compensation for people who are not sick but who could become sick because of past exposure. The labor court in the northern city of Douai found the state responsible Friday and ordered payments of 10,000 euros each to the 727 former miners. France nationalized its coal mines after World War II and closed the last one in 2004.last_img

Game weekend features lectures

first_imgAs a lead-up to this weekend’s Shamrock Series football game against the Miami Hurricanes in Chicago, the University will host four academic events in the Windy City that focus on various key issues in today’s world. The events, which are free and open to the public, will be held at Chicago’s J.W. Marriott at 151 W. Adams Street. Sophomore Emily Strickland, student advocacy assistant for the Ford Family Program in Human Development Studies and Solidarity, said the scheduled academic talks emphasize the values important to the University. “I think it’s highlighting that Notre Dame is an academic institution first rather than a sports powerhouse,” Strickland said. As part of the series, the Ford Program, along with the Kellogg Institute for International Studies and the Initiative for Global Development, is sponsoring a debate titled “International Development and U.S. Foreign Policy,” which will be held today at 5 p.m. in Grand Ballroom B and C. The debate will feature two panelists: Paul Collier, development economist and the director for the Center for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford, and Sean Callahan, executive vice president of Overseas Operations at Catholic Relief Services. Collier gave a lecture at the University on Wednesday night, titled “International Human Development: Has the U.S. a Leadership Role?” In the Chicago debate, Collier and Callahan will discuss what the U.S. role in international development should be, Strickland said. The Kellogg Institute will stream a live feed of the event on its website. “They’re going to talk about what factors are relevant in policy making, and how they should be implemented,” Strickland said. This topic will play a significant role in November’s presidential election, Strickland said, and today’s event will give students a chance to learn more about the different approaches to global development. “It’s preparing students to see how they should vote, what they feel and to develop their own opinions about foreign aid,” she said. At 2 p.m. today, the University will host another panel, titled “Notre Dame Faculty in the Media.” The event, which will also be held in Grand Ballroom B and C, will feature Notre Dame faculty panelists who been heavily involved in print, broadcast or online news media, a Notre Dame press release stated. Kate Sullivan, Notre Dame class of 1998 and CBS Chicago news anchor, will moderate the panel. Friday’s academic events, which will both be held in the Lincoln Room of the J.W. Marriott, will focus on economy and politics in today’s world. “The Economy Now: A Roundtable of Notre Dame Economists” will take place at 10 a.m. and will feature a discussion by Notre Dame faculty and a question-and-answer period. The final academic event of the Shamrock Series is hosted by University Communications at 2 p.m. Friday. David Shribman, executive editor of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, will moderate “Religion in the Public Square,” and its panelists include University professors and members of the news media. The week’s events offer Notre Dame alumni and fans a chance to stay involved with the University through avenues besides sports, Strickland said. “Notre Dame is a University, it’s not going to be all about sports,” she said. “I think it’s showing that athletics are important, but academics always comes with it at the University.” For a complete listing of this weekend’s events in Chicago, visit read more

Club sells treats for a charitable cause

first_imgThis past week, Saint Mary’s students, faculty and staff had the opportunity to support She’s the First*{Saint Mary’s}, a new club on campus which is part of the national nonprofit organization, She’s the First. Junior Mileva Brunson, founder of the Saint Mary’s chapter, was excited to share the present and upcoming goals for the club on campus. “We creatively fundraise throughout the year to sponsor girls’ education in developing countries. This week, we held our first fundraiser, ‘Tie Dye Cupcakes For a Cause,’” Brunson said. “All proceeds from the bake sale will go towards our goal of $360, which would sponsor a year of school for a girl in Uganda.” The cupcake fundraiser was initially started by Lindsay Brown, the president of She’s the First*{Notre Dame}, where it became such a success that the organization made it the national campaign. “The goal for this year nationally is to raise $50,000 for girls education, and there has been amazing success all across the country,” Brunson said. “We have been posting a lot on social media. We post daily on our Facebook and Twitter, and a lot of girls who purchase a cupcake are Instagraming them. It’s been great to see students posting in support of She’s the First across many different social networking sites.” Brunson said she is thankful student reception of She’s the First has been great, as well as faculty support for the chapter at Saint Mary’s. “We have had such wonderful support from both students and faculty. It’s great to have people come up to the table to buy a cupcake, and then want to learn more about our mission and our goal for the fundraiser,” Brunson said. While some students have joined Brunson with She’s the First*{Saint Mary’s}, she is hoping that more will help raise awareness as the year progresses. “I would love to see this grow into a powerful force on campus, working to make a difference in girls’ education worldwide,” Brunson said. “We are hoping to partner with the She’s the First chapter at Notre Dame and work to hold a fundraiser together. Also, if we reach our fundraising goal, we could get to know the girl we have sponsored in Uganda and begin to build a relationship with her and see how she is doing in school, which would be so rewarding.” As far as the cupcakes go, Brunson knows students will take away more than just a sweet treat after visiting the club’s table outside the dining hall. “I hope that students realize how much of an impact they can have, just by buying a cupcake; because what begins with a cupcake ends with a girl in school,” Brunson said. “It is so inspiring to know that our actions this week are life-changing.” Brunson wants others to remember each cupcake the club sells adds up to opportunity for a girl in the developing world and helps her to achieve her dreams. “We are so lucky to be receiving an outstanding education here at Saint Mary’s,” Brunson said, “and to give that opportunity of education to other girls around the world is so inspiring and I hope it has inspired the Saint Mary’s community as well.” Contact Jillian Barwick at jbarwi01@saintmarys.edulast_img read more

Lecture explores ancient empire’s reputation

first_imgProfessor emeritus of the University of California at Berkeley, and Notre Dame class of ’59 alumnus Thomas Brady said in a lecture Friday that the Holy Roman Empire – which at its height stretched from eastern France to the Baltic lands — has until recently been misconstrued and misrepresented by academics and non-academics alike.Specifically discussing the period between 1450 and 1650, which scholars often term the long 16th century, Brady said the Empire’s loosely defined borders and obscure political construction both contribute to the “traditional Western European image of German backwardness versus progressive Franco-British civilization.”“This view of German culture was famously enshrined in a very pretentious comment by the French philosopher François Arouet, known as Voltaire,” he said. “He sneered at what he called ‘this agglomeration which was called and which still calls itself the Holy Roman Empire [and which] was neither holy, nor Roman, nor an empire.’”However, Brady said the traditionally negative portrayal of the Holy Roman Empire is unfair and inaccurate, and that historians over the last 40 years have increasingly viewed the Empire in a more positive light.He said his own interest in the Holy Roman Empire arose during his undergraduate years at Notre Dame, where he experienced an intense “pedagogical pressure in favor of Europeanism.”In this environment where European studies figured prominently, Brady said he began to struggle with the issue of understanding the complex political dynamics of the Holy Roman Empire.Unfortunately, he said, relatively few American scholars at that time displayed interest in the topic owing to the Empire’s intricacy and its clear contrast to the countries of France, England and Spain.“The greatest difference between these lands, and the more consolidated kingdoms of France, England and Spain, was that the Empire so long preserved its configuration into many relatively small, secular polities ruled by princely dynasties, bishop and archbishops, abbots and abbesses, free knights and self-governing peasant communities,” Brady said.Having spent a major portion of his academic career attempting to understand the Holy Roman Empire, Brady said the focus of his research has concerned the Empire’s communal institutions, as opposed to the legacy of its unstable member states.He said he believes the comparative resilience of the Empire’s communal institutions depended on several distinct characteristics.First, he said, spanning from the 13th to 18th centuries, the Empire’s imperial high courts and regional parliaments helped to some degree to unite its disparate principalities. Furthermore, he said state-building took place in a regional rather than national setting, which allowed Central European principalities to retain “far more control — local control — of their institutions and [bear] far less crushing burdens of taxation for military and imperial purposes.”Finally, he said the Church operated as a stabilizing force in the cultural and political life of the Empire, and that there was a “remarkable interpenetration of secular and ecclesiastical institutions of authority.”However, he said because different Church dioceses preserved different languages and dialects, the Empire as a whole was unable to maintain linguistic — and therefore political — unity. The result, he said, was that the Holy Roman Empire could never fully imitate the consolidation and cohesiveness of other Western European states.Brady’s lecture introduced librarian Julie Tanaka’s new exhibit of texts from the Holy Roman Empire, which is currently on display in the Rare Books and Special Collections room of the Hesburgh Library.  After Brady concluded his speech, Tanaka offered some remarks concerning the inspiration behind her three-year-long project collecting manuscripts and images from the long 16th century.“Behind this exhibit is my own fascination with this period that claims to be a century … and my fascination with an entity which is this German thing — Germany — almost having somewhat of an identity crisis,” she said. “Was it an empire? Was it a kingdom? Maybe it was just a loose grouping of lands.”Tags: History Lecture, Holy Roman Empire, Rare Book Room Exhibit, Thomas Bradylast_img read more

Saint Mary’s celebrates MLK’s legacy with week of service

first_imgSaint Mary’s will celebrate the life of Martin Luther King Jr. this week with daily events on campus hosted by the Office of Civil and Social Engagement (OCSE). Events will incorporate service, the theme of this year’s MLK week at the College.The week kicked off on Monday with two on-campus community service projects in the Student Center, Samira Payne, assistant director of the OCSE, said in an email. During this time, they discussed issues such as poverty, homelessness, youth and education.“Martin Luther King Jr. Day is an opportunity to reflect on the legacy or Dr. King,” Payne said. “He was passionate about justice and equality for all and encouraged our nation to unify, despite our differences. There is still much progress to be made around equality and justice in our society.”On Tuesday, Saint Mary’s students have the opportunity to serve lunch at the Center for the Homeless in South Bend.“I believe this week of events gives our campus an opportunity to think more about how we can use our time and talents to continue to bring positive change to the world around us and how we can learn more about the beauty and strength in our community,” Payne said.A blood drive will take place in the Student Center from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesday. The OCSE hosts four blood drives each school year, with this one scheduled to fall during the week of MLK events, Payne said.“MLK day is often considered a day of service to our community,” Payne said. “By being a volunteer blood donor, Saint Mary’s students, faculty and staff have a tangible opportunity to give back to the South Bend community and save lives.”A mass for peace and justice hosted by Campus Ministry will take place in the Holy Spirit Chapel in Le Mans Hall on Wednesday night at 9 p.m.Courtney Lamar, president of the Student Diversity Board (SDB), said SDB will be hosting a Martin Luther King dinner Thursday night. The dinner will afford attendees the opportunity to reflect on King’s example of service and activism. Mel Tardy, a deacon at St. Augustine’s Church in South Bend, will deliver a keynote speech about King’s value of service and what service looks like in today’s society.“Through his speech, we want people to take away the importance of service in bettering the community around us,” Lamar said. “Like MLK said himself, ‘Life’s most persistent and the urgent question is: What are you doing for others?’ We will also be having the Voice of Faith gospel choir from Notre Dame attend and sing.”On Friday, a Justice Friday presentation will focus on progress since the Civil Rights Movement.“It is important to celebrate MLK Day because of everything Dr. King stood for,” Lamar said. “He believed in equality and fairness. With everything that has been happening, not only in this country but across the world, it is important to remember that we are all human beings.“On MLK Day, I hope that all people can remember King’s words and what he represented and try to make the world a better place. One way they can do that is through service.”Tags: Martin Luther King Jr., MLK, MLK Day, OCSE, SDB, service, SMClast_img read more

Artistic director discusses incarceration, Shakespeare

first_imgTom Magill, artistic director and founder of the Educational Shakespeare Company (ESC) gave a lecture sponsored by the Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies on Thursday afternoon; Magill was on campus to present at this week’s Shakespeare in Prisons conference. ESC is located in Belfast, Northern Ireland and focuses on storytelling through drama and film as a cathartic form of expression, most notably for inmates. “Basically, what [ESC] does is it empowers marginalized people to find their voice and tell their stories,” Magill said. Magill was born in Loyalist North Belfast, where he grew up “Protestant and British” during a time of great and violent turmoil against the Irish Republicans. “In North Belfast, your ability to inflict violence was a measure of your power,” Magill said. “‘Turn the other cheek’ my mother would whisper to me; ‘fight back’ my father would say, ashamed of his youngest son, beating me to bed with no supper. I was beaten at home for being a coward, for letting the family name down. I hated my name. I hated Belfast.”When he was 19, Magill spent three years in prison for violence. It was during those three years that Magill reached his “turning point” by delivering a meal to an Irish inmate who was on a hunger strike. “He told me to educate myself, to not waste my time — my life — in prison,” Magill said. “I listened to him. I took in every word. My enemy became my teacher, starving himself to death and yet he gave me good advice: ‘educate yourself, learn about your culture, be proud of who you are, don’t waste your life in here.’ His words challenged me and shook me to the core. I listened to my enemy, IRA [Irish Republican Army] volunteer Frank Stagg.”Magill took the advice to heart. “I started to write,” he said. “I realized being creative made me feel worthwhile. When I was being creative, I lost any desire for violence. But sharing my writing still feels vulnerable. We still think vulnerability is a weakness, but it’s not — it’s the most accurate measure of courage.” In 1994, after being released from prison and studying theatre, he worked with 10 IRA prisoners to adapt Bobby Sands’s epic poem “The Crime of Castlereagh” into theatre — the prisoners were controversially given parole to perform publicly. The poem the play is based on, which Sands wrote after he was in a holding center for terrorists, was so controversial that Magill lost his job. “I was told — in no uncertain terms — to limit my theatre-making skills to short sketches about getting in, out or getting married,” Magill said. “There would be no more political drama. I told prison authorities I was not prepared to work under such circumstances.”He directed “Mickey B,” a film adaptation of “Macbeth” in 2007. The film was shot in Maghaberry high-security prison and prisoners, including former Republican and Loyalist prisoners, made up the cast. “We’re planning our next prison-Shakespeare project, ‘Prospero’s Prison,’ based on ‘The Tempest,’” Magill said. “I’ve chosen not to make the colonial theme central as I believe it will divide opinion. I’m looking for a theme to unite, and that theme is betrayal. Many of the people I’ve spoken to — on both sides of the divide — feel betrayed, so our take will focus on the misplaced trust that feeds the ambition that leads to a brother’s betrayal.” Magill now works in forensic mental health, still encouraging people to share their traumatic stories with film, in addition to serving as the artistic director of ESC.“It’s about having the opportunity to address their needs,” Magill said. “It’s about having the opportunity to be listened to and to have that voice, tease out and then to give them the choice about what they do in terms of being creative and externalizing what is hurting them. Hurt people hurt people and healed people heal people. That process between hurting and healing, that’s where the arts come in. We do that through expression.” Tags: Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies, lecture, shakespeare in prisons conferencelast_img read more

Notre Dame hosts Michigan in Special Olympics flag football series

first_imgBefore Notre Dame and Michigan take the field Saturday night, the rivalry weekend will begin with a different football game. Special Olympics Notre Dame will face Special Olympics Michigan in a unified flag football game Friday on Alumni Field at 5 p.m. The game is free and open to the public.The matchup is part of Special Olympics’ rivalry series that has been occurring for the past several years; however, this is the first time Notre Dame has played Michigan. The two unified teams will include Notre Dame and Michigan students as well as athletes with intellectual disabilities from both communities — 10 from South Bend and five from Ann Arbor, Mich.“I’m really excited to represent Notre Dame not only in the sense of the football game with Michigan but also to connect the Special Olympics communities,” Special Olympics member and sophomore Ellie Olmanson said. (Editor’s note: Olmanson is a former Sports Writer for The Observer.)Sophomore Sofie Palumbo, the Special Olympics Notre Dame event coordinator, said she is excited about the partnership aspect of the event.“We have had a great partnership with Special Olympics Michigan club since the Special Olympics Notre Dame club started, so we really wanted to host this event,” she said.Former Michigan wide receiver, Heisman Trophy winner and College GameDay host Desmond Howard will serve opposite former Notre Dame offensive lineman, ESPN’s Mike Golic, Jr., as honorary team captains.“We’re hoping for a really great turnout,” Palumbo said. “ESPN will be filming and coverage will hopefully be on ESPN or ESPN2 later that day.”The goal of the flag football game and the unified teams is to promote inclusion among students and participants with intellectual disabilities, Palumbo said.“Our main goal was to spread awareness for inclusion,” Palumbo said. “Our focus for doing this with football is because Notre Dame loves it so much and there’s power of showing inclusion through sports and especially with a rivalry people are so passionate about.”The Notre Dame vs. Michigan match is the only flag football game on the calendar for Special Olympics Notre Dame this year, but the organization hopes to extend this event to other games and sports where there has been Special Olympics involvement, Palumbo said. For now, Special Olympics Notre Dame is focused on continuing this historic rivalry which will bring the game to Ann Arbor in the fall for the next installment of the Notre Dame-Michigan renewed rivalry.“I think it’s so cool that this game represents more than two rivals coming together,” Olmanson said. “It’s a huge step for the special needs community cuing the fact that this is the start of something that will hopefully be a tradition we can look forward to every year.”Palumbo said Special Olympics would like to have a lot of people in attendance for the game.“We’re really trying to … make this a surreal experience for our athletes because they’re incredible,” Palumbo said.Tags: Notre Dame-Michigan Rivalry, Special Olympics Notre Damelast_img read more

Flaherty Hall adds new annual events, strengthens community

first_imgThe women of Flaherty Hall are breaking in their new dorm as they add more signature events and grow closer as a community.Catherine Dieckman, junior and newly elected hall president, said she feels this was the year that Flaherty became a name on campus.“We want there to be an identity associated with what it means to be a Flaherty Bear,” Dieckman said. “So we’re just trying to have staples of events we plan and the things we do be with sisterhood and related to service and just having a very loving, open appearance and identity toward people all around campus — not just within Flaherty.”After its construction in 2016, Flaherty Hall became the new home for previous residents of Pangborn Hall, female students who applied to transfer into the new dorm, as well as around 70 first-years, Flaherty rector Sr. Mary Donnelly said.“It was difficult to move to a new hall and start a new community. Leaving Pangborn — a place I love and called home for eight years — was difficult. Leaving what was familiar and moving into an unknown was both terrifying and exhilarating,” Donnelly said in an email.Caile Coughlin, junior and former hall president, said as a member of the first class to live in Flaherty, it was difficult to mesh the Pangborn community and the new dorm community at times.“I think it was hard to mesh when people wanted to be a new community [while] preserving the Pangborn community,” Coughlin said.Donnelly said one difficulty she faced as the first rector of Flaherty was figuring out how to help foster a new dorm community.“There have been many challenges … [For example,] how to help the women, who came from several halls, understand and create a new community,” Donnelly said. “[And] questions such as, ‘How do we honor the richness of traditions that this new community now encompasses?’, ‘How to we let go of what was and enter into something new?’, ‘How is community created?’, ‘How [do we] manage the anxiety, fear, sense of loss as we moved from what was to what will be?’ The list goes on and on.”To answer these questions, Donnelly said she made sure to have lots of conversations about what type of community the women wanted and how to get there — including things like what signature events to plan and what their mascot would be.Flaherty has added numerous new events such as Flaherty Food Fights, a cooking competition–style event between different dorms on campus, Flaherty Fights, a fundraiser held during the fall to raise money for Kelly Cares, and “Bear-becues” where residents grill outside.This semester, Flaherty opened “Bearly Baked,” where the dorm sells edible cookie dough and offers vegan and gluten free options, Coughlin said.Maddie Heyn, junior and former hall vice-president, said she values the opportunity for Flaherty residents to leave their own legacies.“Because we are so new, there are things that we can change and there are things that we can do,” she said. “We have these traditions that we are trying to start, and I think there is a lot of enthusiasm about, ‘This is my dorm and this can be what I want it to be,’ with girls starting new signature events, starting new food services and stuff. I feel like it’s a very entrepreneurial spirit.”Tags: Community, dorm features, dorm life, flaherty hall, Pangborn Halllast_img read more

Secretary To The Governor Clarifies Changes To NY PAUSE Order

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Image by Kevin P. Coughlin / Office of Governor Andrew M. Cuomo.UPDATED: Saturday, May 9, 2020 at 5:20 p.m.ALBANY – An official close to New York State Governor Andrew Cuomo is clarifying the changes made to his New York State on PAUSE order.Secretary to the Governor Melissa Derosa says the order was not extended to June, but rather the “underlying legal authority” was prolonged.“Yesterday’s Executive Order extended the underlying legal authority for the emergency order, but did not change the text of any of the directives in NY ON PAUSE and so the expiration date of May 15 still stands until further notice,” explained Derosa in a statement to the media. “At that time, new guidance will be issued for regions based on the metrics outlined by Governor Cuomo earlier this week.”The executive order extension, which was posted on the state’s website, stated in part the following: “I, Andrew M. Cuomo, Governor of the State of New York, by virtue of the authority vested in me by Section 29-a of Article 2-B of the Executive Law, do hereby continue the suspensions and modifications of law, and any directives, not superseded by a subsequent directive, made by Executive Order 202 and each successor Executive Order up to and including Executive Order 202.14, for thirty days until June 6, 2020…”Derosa says New York’s PAUSE order, however, remains in effect until May 15. We previously reported the Governor extended the order until June 6 due to misinformation from the governor’s office. Viewers can read the full executive order posted here.“New York State on PAUSE,” requires the closure of non-essential businesses in the state amid the COVID-19 outbreak.Regions that meet the state’s reopening guidelines will be permitted to start easing back social distancing measures and begin reopening on May 15.However, as of Saturday, none of the 10 New York State regions have yet reach the governor’s benchmarks, an official said.The benchmarks call for the following:Regions must have at least 14 days of decline in total net hospitalizations and deaths on a 3-day rolling average.Every region must have the health care capacity to handle a potential surge in cases, with at least 30 percent total hospital and ICU beds available.Each region must be able to conduct 30 diagnostic tests for every 1,000 residents per month.Regions must have 30 contact tracers available for every 100,000 residents.The Governor says areas that seek to reopen after May 15 are required to provide a detailed plan that includes how rates of infection will be monitored, if health care capacity is enough to deal with an infection increase, and if infrastructure is in place to do testing and tracing.Regions also must have a plan in place for how people will return to work, including what measures businesses will have to ensure social distancing along with mask wearing.Once a plan is approved by the state, regions would see businesses reopened in four phases.First with construction and manufacturing, followed by professional services, retail and real estate, then restaurants, food services and accommodation.The final phase involves arts, entertainment and recreation businesses.last_img read more