Ahead of the spectrum auction slated to take place from 3 February 2015, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has asked the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) to suggest a reserve price for auction of the 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz and 2500 MHz bands across various states in India.The government is looking at a total bid value of ₹25,065 crore from the next round of auction with an aim to earn ₹5000 crore in this financial year.The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has not yet agreed to release 5 MHz of 3G spectrum to the DoT. However, ₹5000 crore rupees revenue mark is possible to attain if the Ministry of Defence releases spectrum in 3G and 4G bands before the date announced. In case the ministry releases the said radio waves, it will be put up for auction in 17 telecom zones, reported Business Standard.The Cellular Operations Association of India has proposed DoT to exchange 15 MHz of spectrum in the 199 MHz band with equal quantum of radio waves in the 3G band of 2100 MHz, which has not been deployed by MoD so far.Additionally, 20-MHz of spectrum in the 2300-MHz band will be auctioned in 19 service areas except in Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. In the 2500 MHz band, the government would auction 20 MHz of radio waves in eight service areas- Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.DoT has also said that the government would possibly offer 184 MHz of radio waves in the 900 MHz band across 18 telecom zones and 104 MHz spectrum across 17 circles in the 1800 MHz band.This has been possible after Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) and Mahanagar Telecom Nigam Limited (MTNL) gave up the waves allocated to them in 2010.However, in 2010 the government auctioned 3G spectrum but no one could purchase 5MHz of spectrum for all circles in India.
Share Becky Sullivan/NPRAfter California passed the Reproductive FACT Act in 2015, a number of anti-abortion pregnancy clinics filed lawsuits. The Supreme Court says it will consider the law in its upcoming session. One of the clinics was the East County Pregnancy Care Clinic in El Cajon, Calif., seen here in a file photo.Does a California law violate the Constitution by requiring anti-abortion pregnancy centers to inform clients about free or low-cost abortion and contraception services? That’s the question the Supreme Court is taking on, in a new case it accepted on Monday.California’s Reproductive FACT Act became law in October of 2015. It requires licensed and covered facilities to give all their clients notice that the state “has public programs that provide immediate free or low-cost access to comprehensive family planning services, prenatal care, and abortion, for eligible women.”The law also gives the attorney general and other prosecutors the power “to bring an action to impose a specified civil penalty against covered facilities that fail to comply with these requirements.”Anti-abortion group NIFLA — the National Institute of Family and Life Advocates — filed a legal challenge to the Reproductive FACT Act, saying that it forces clinics to promote or advertise abortion services.In taking the case on, the Supreme Court justices limited their participation to one question: “Whether the disclosures required by the California Reproductive FACT Act violate the protections set forth in the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment, applicable to the States through the Fourteenth Amendment.”The California law generated lawsuits almost immediately, with several pregnancy centers suing the state and asking for the law to be struck down, as NPR’s Kelly McEvers reported in the fall of 2015.One of those suing was the Pacific Justice Institute, whose Brad Dacus spoke to Kelly about his reasoning.“It’s like telling the Alcoholics Anonymous group that they have to have a large sign saying where people can get alcohol and booze for free,” Dacus said. “It’s like telling a Jewish synagogue that they can have their service, and do their thing, but they have to have a large sign where people can go to pray to receive Jesus.”The Reproductive FACT Act details both the content of the clinics’ message about abortion, and the method of delivery.According to the law, the notice must read, “California has public programs that provide immediate free or low-cost access to comprehensive family planning services (including all FDA-approved methods of contraception), prenatal care, and abortion for eligible women. To determine whether you qualify, contact the county social services office at [insert the telephone number].”It adds that the information must be disclosed in one of several ways, including a public notice in a conspicuous place in the waiting area, on paper which “shall be at least 8.5 inches by 11 inches and written in no less than 22-point type.”Other options include providing printed or digital notices to all the clinics’ clients.Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.